Vol 41,Issue 3(March 2019): 372-380

 

Research Advancements in Plant Cell Microtubules

 

Wang Chaofeng, Kong Zhaosheng*

 

(State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China)

 

Abstract  As one of the two major cytoskeleton systems, microtubules (MTs) are highly dynamic and undergo rearrangement to respond to the ever-changing developmental cues and environmental stimuli. In particular, plant cells organize specific MT arrays, such as preprophase bands and phragmoplast in mitotic cells and cortical MTs in interphase cells, to fulfill various physiological functions. Here, we highlight the recent research advancements in plant cell MTs, including the core regulatory mechanism of initial assembly and dynamic remodeling of plant cell MTs, how MTs regulate plant cell morphogenesis and how MTs play roles in response to environmental cues. Finally, we also discuss future perspectives about the important questions in this field.

 

Keyword:   microtubules (MTs); dynamic rearrangement; microtubule nucleation; microtubule severing; cell division; cellulose synthesis; morphogenesis; environmental adaptation

 
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.31571378, 31501088)
 

*Corresponding author。Tel: +86-10-64806099, E-mail: zskong@im.ac.cn

 
 
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